Express Entry is a mechanism used by Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC), which manages and processes applications received through Canada’s federal economic immigration programs.
Under Express Entry, individuals and families wishing to settle in Canada can become new permanent residents within just a few months.
How Express Entry works:
1. Applicants will need to become eligible under one of the following federal economic immigration programs.
A portion of the Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs) are streamlined through Express Entry, but candidates must be eligible under one of the three federal programs in order to enter the pool.
2. Eligible individuals may then submit an Expression of Interest (EOI) application. It will be assessed and issued a ranking score.
The ranking score for Express Entry is based on the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS).
This ranking system is not a selection criteria (like that of the one used for the Federal Skilled Worker Class). It is a ranking system for candidates who have already qualified under one of the eligible economic programs.
The CRS is a score out of 1,200 used to benchmark federal economic candidates for immigration to Canada.
The score is used as a cut-off point in Express Entry draws. It is designed to project a candidate’s likelihood of being economically successful in Canada. It ranks different candidates based on their career and educational history, language skills, and whether they have already received a qualifying job offer or provincial nomination in Canada.
Those candidates with a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA), or another qualifying job offer, are eligible for either 50 or 200 bonus points in the CRS. Provincial nominees can receive 6oo bonus points.
Qualifying job offers used to receive 600 points also, but this was amended in the Express Entry changes of November 2016.
3. Candidates without a job offer or a provincial nomination may then register in the Canada Job Bank, a free public resource used to help Canadian employers identify and select workers possessing the skills they require. This step used to be mandatory, but became voluntary as of June 2017.
4. Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) will host Express Entry draws at regular intervals (usually every two weeks). This ranks and selects the candidates with the highest scores in the EOI pool. Visit this page for details of the latest Express Entry draw.
5. Candidates identified by IRCC as having the highest scores in the EOI pool will be issued an Invitation to Apply (ITA). They will be given 90 days to submit an online application for permanent residence.
6. Candidates in the pool who have not yet been selected are able to improve their Express Entry profile and score. They can do this by submitting new and updated information. Examples include: increased language scores, educational credentials assessments, adding additional work experience, and/or obtaining a qualifying job offer or a provincial nomination.