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Express Entry is the quickest way to immigrate to Canada. But, that doesn't necessarily mean everybody can immigrate to Canada through Express Entry. This guide will help you understand if Express Entry is the best way for you and your family, if applicable, to settle in Canada.
Individuals and families around the world can immigrate to Canada within just a few months through the Express Entry immigration selection system. First introduced in 2015, Express Entry has become the main driver of skilled worker immigration to Canada and one of the most popular immigration systems globally.
What is Express Entry Canada?
Express Entry is an application management system used by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) to manage and process applications received through three of Canada’s federal economic immigration programs for skilled workers.
Express Entry is a competitive immigration system, ranking all eligible candidates against one another and then inviting the best ranking candidates to apply for Canadian permanent resident status. Candidates are ranked against one another based on their age, education, language proficiency, work experience, and other factors.
Under Express Entry, individuals and families wishing to settle in Canada can become new permanent residents within just a few months.
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Make sure your Express Entry profile is perfect.
How Express Entry Canada works – A step-by-step guide
1. Determine Eligibility: Potential Express Entry applicants will need to be eligible under one of the following federal economic immigration programs.
- The Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSW);
- The Canadian Experience Class (CEC); or
- The Federal Skilled Trades Program (FST).
A portion of the Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs) are aligned with Express Entry, but candidates still must be eligible under one of the three federal programs in order to enter the Express Entry pool.
Though the eligibility requirements differ for each of the Express Entry-aligned programs, all candidates are required to have at least one-year of skilled work experience, as well as a certain level of proficiency on an approved language test in either English or French. Also, Canada screens all Express Entry applicants for criminal history and medical issues that could make a person inadmissible.
2. Create an Express Entry profile: Eligible individuals must submit an Express Entry profile to the pool of candidates. The Express Entry profile acts as an Expression of Interest (EOI). Eligible candidates will automatically receive a score based on their profile and will be ranked against the other candidates in the pool.
The ranking score for Express Entry is based on the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) and is out of 1,200 points. Candidates can improve their rank by taking steps to improve their CRS score. The higher a candidate’s CRS score, the higher the likelihood they will receive an Express Entry Invitation to Apply (ITA),
The CRS score is used as a cut-off point in Express Entry draws. It is designed to project a candidate’s likelihood of being economically successful in Canada. It ranks different candidates based on their career and educational history, language skills, and whether they have already received a qualifying job offer or provincial nomination in Canada, among other factors.
Express Entry candidates can receive additional points if they have a valid job offer from a Canadian employer, or if they’ve received a provincial nomination, or for a few other factors.
Express Entry eligibility and CRS Calculator
The Moving2Canada Express Entry CRS Calculator allows you to check your eligibility for Express Entry and potential CRS points total at the same time, without you handing over personal contact information. No other Express Entry Calculator lets you do all of this.
Before creating your Express Entry profile, take a moment to find out which Express Entry program you may be eligible for and how competitive your profile may be.
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3. Create a job bank profile (optional): Express Entry candidates without a job offer or a provincial nomination may then register in the Canada Job Bank, a free public resource used to help Canadian employers identify and select workers possessing the skills they require. This step used to be mandatory, but became voluntary as of June 2017.
4. Receive an Invitation to Apply (ITA): Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) conducts Express Entry draws at regular intervals (usually every two weeks). In these Express Entry draws, candidates above a certain rank are invited to apply for Canadian permanent residence. If a candidate is not invited, their profile will expire after 12 months, at which point they may submit a new profile. Visit this page for details of the latest Express Entry draw.
5. Improve your CRS score: Candidates in the Express Entry pool who have not yet been selected are able to improve their Express Entry profile and score. They can do this by submitting new and updated information. Examples include: increased language scores, educational credentials assessments, adding additional work experience, and/or obtaining a qualifying job offer or a provincial nomination. See our tips for improving your CRS score.
6. Submit your application for permanent residence: If you receive an Express Entry Invitation to Apply (ITA), you will be given 60 days to submit a complete application for permanent residence. In this application you will have to provide extensive personal information along with supporting documentation. The entire application is submitted electronically.
After you’ve submitted your application, you have to wait for a final decision to be issued. 80 percent of Express Entry applications are processed in six months or less. If your application is approved, then you will receive authorization to activate your permanent resident status in Canada.
The Express Entry Roadmap
What do you need to create your Express Entry profile?
In order to submit your Express Entry profile, you will require three main documents. If you’re interested in Express Entry, gathering these three documents should be your first step:
- Language Test: All Express Entry candidates must show proficiency in either English or French. You require official test scores from an approved language test in order to submit your profile. The minimum required score varies between the three Express Entry-aligned programs.
If you want to prove your proficiency in English, your options are the IELTS General Training exam or the CELPIP General exam. If you want to prove your proficiency in French, your options are the TEF exam or the TCF exam.
- Educational Credentials Assessment (ECA): The ECA is an evaluation of non-Canadian education by Canadian standards. Notably, education is only a mandatory requirement for the Federal Skilled Worker Program, but it is recommended that FST and CEC candidates also complete an ECA report, as education is an important component of the CRS score.
Note: An ECA is not required for educational programs completed in Canada.
- Passport: A valid passport is required in order to submit an Express Entry profile. In very rare cases, alternative identification documents may be accepted when it is not possible to get a passport.
Once you have these three documents, you will be able to create your Express Entry profile.
Applying with a spouse or common-law partner: If you are applying with your spouse or common-law partner, you may want to compare your credentials ahead of time. One person must be listed as the principal applicant in the Express Entry profile and the vast majority of the CRS score will be based on the principal applicant’s credentials.
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Things to note in your Express Entry Canada application
If you receive an Invitation to Apply, you may submit an official application for permanent residence. This application is completed and submitted entirely online. Here are a few things to keep in mind about the final permanent residence application:
1) You may need to show proof of settlement funds.
All FSW and FST applicants must demonstrate that they have enough money to support themselves and their family members during their settlement into Canada. Applicants with a valid job offer in Canada, as well as CEC applicants are exempt from this requirement.
The figures below are in place as of July 5, 2021.
|Number of family members||Required funds (in CAD)|
|1 (single applicant)||$13,310|
|For each additional family member, add||$3,586|
3) “Job Offer” really does mean job offer
A big misconception held by many in Canada who are working on LMIA-exempt work permits, such as the IEC Working Holiday Visas, is that the “job offer” that they have from their current employer is equal to what IRCC considers a valid job offer for Express Entry.
Whenever you see the phrase, “valid job offer”, this means that the job meets a number of conditions specific to Express Entry. Find out more about what makes a job offer valid in Express Entry.
4) Everything carries over from your Express Entry profile
Did you fudge a few months of work experience on your Express Entry profile without knowing the real consequences? Well, you’re in for a big surprise . . .
The majority of the important data that you enter into your Express Entry profile carries over automatically into your electronic Permanent Residence (PR) application. Any changes you make at this stage could jeopardize your application.
Consequently, it is important to be conscious about everything that you enter in the first time around. You will be asked to provide documentation to support the claims you’ve made.
Lying on an immigration application is a serious crime and can result in a five-year ban from Canada.
5) FST and CEC Express Entry applicants – get your Educational Credential Assessment (ECA)!
Even though the ECA is not a requirement for FST and CEC, you should still get it done. Once the ECA is completed and added to an Express Entry profile, scores typically increase drastically. Therefore, if you’re a FST or CEC applicant with a post-secondary credential, begin the ECA process as soon as possible.
How many points do you need to immigrate to Canada through Express Entry
This question is best answered in two parts: before entering the Express Entry pool, and once in the pool.
- Before entering the Express Entry pool
There are three Canadian immigration programs through which you may become a candidate for Express Entry immigration to Canada: the Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSW), the Federal Skilled Trades Program (FST), and the Canadian Experience Class (CEC).
The FST program is for qualified tradespersons with recent experience in a listed occupation, and CEC is for people with recent skilled Canadian work experience. Neither the FST program nor the CEC require candidates to satisfy a points requirement to be eligible to submit a profile.
The FSW program, on the other hand, is open to people around the world who satisfy a minimum points requirement for eligibility. Note: this is a completely separate points system from the CRS score. Under the FSW points-grid, you need to be awarded at least 67 points out of 100 in order to enter the Express Entry pool. You can view the FSWC points grid and factors here.
- Once in the Express Entry pool
In the Express Entry pool, candidates — regardless of which program they are eligible under — receive a CRS score. This score determines where an individual candidate ranks in the Express Entry pool. When IRCC conducts an Express Entry draw, this score is the main determining factor to decide which candidates are invited to apply for permanent residence. CRS cut-off thresholds for FSW and CEC candidates have been as low as 413 points previously, with cut-off thresholds for FST candidates having been even lower than that on occasion. See our Express Entry Canada draw page for details.
However, please note that the CRS cut-off thresholds are not pre-determined, and that the threshold is subject to change for different Express Entry draws. Ultimately, there is no strict or written number of points you need to immigrate to Canada through Express Entry, but previous draws give an indication of which candidates have the best chances of being invited to apply, based on CRS score. See our Express Entry draw page for more information.
How much does it cost to immigrate to Canada through Express Entry?
See the table below for an overview of the costs associated with Express Entry immigration to Canada.
This table may not include all costs. Incremental costs for shipping, etc. are also not included.
|Item||Cost||Is this required, or optional?|
|Edcuational Credential Assessment (ECA)||$200+||Required for FSW candidates, and recommended for FST & CEC candidates, who studied outside Canada|
|Item||Cost||Is this required, or optional?|
|Police clearance certificate(s)||Depends on the country. May range from free service to up to $100 or more.||Required|
|Representation by a lawyer or regulated consultant||Ranges, but fees typically range from $2,000 to $5,000||Optional|
|Item||Cost||Is this required, or optional?|
|Right of permanent residence fee||$515||Required|
|Addition of accompanying spouse/partner||$850 for processing fee, $515 for right of permanent residence||Required, if applicable|
|Addition of dependent child(ren)||$230 per child||Required, if applicable|
How long does it take for Express Entry immigration to Canada
Express Entry is a system designed to provide fast immigration to Canada. For eligible candidates who receive an invitation to apply (ITA) soon after entering the pool, and who then quickly submit a complete application, the entire process may take six months, or even less. However, the following variables may extend this timeline and should be taken into account:
- While some candidates are invited soon after entering the Express Entry pool, other candidates, depending on their CRS score and CRS cut-off thresholds in Express Entry draws, may only receive an ITA months later, or not at all.
- Some invited candidates may be ready to apply for immigration to Canada soon after being invited, while others may need more of the 60 days allotted.
- While IRCC aims to process applications within six months, some applications may take longer, and decisions on other applications may take less than six months.
How can you get more information on Express Entry Canada?
We have designed the Express Entry Roadmap: a free service designed to inform you about the Express Entry process so that you can be empowered to make the best decisions when it comes to your immigration. Sign up for the Express Entry Roadmap here.
Moving2Canada has compiled a list of some of the most frequently asked questions on Express Entry Canada.
Seeking further clarity and would like to speak with a professional in regards to your situation? See the Canada Immigration Advice page for more.
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