Most of Canada’s economic immigration programs, including the Express Entry-aligned programs, use the National Occupational Classification (NOC) system to assess work experience, job offers, and employment requirements. In this article, we tell you everything you need to know about NOC codes, as they relate to Canadian immigration.
As of November 16, 2022, Canada uses the NOC 2021 classification system.
Overview: The National Occupational Classification System
The National Occupational Classification system is a database developed by the Canadian government. NOC codes categorise every possible occupation a person could have in Canada.
In addition to categorising occupations, the NOC system provides information about each occupation, including job titles, descriptions of duties, and responsibilities related to the occupation, and training requirements a person usually has to complete before they can work in that occupation.
When an occupation is categorised within the NOC system, it is given a five-digit code. This is called the National Occupational Classification system code, or NOC code. Examples of NOC codes include 21231 for software engineers, or 41220 for secondary teachers.
Many different Canadian industries and organisations use NOC codes. These codes are used in developing recruitment strategies, in conducting research and analysis, and in Canadian immigration.