Provincial and territorial governments operate their own school systems, and are responsible for setting out the regulations for teaching jobs in Canada. The rules are broadly similar across the country, but with some local differences.
Canadian education: an overview
Kindergarten education is available for children in all provinces around the age of four or five.
Then, students complete their primary and secondary education, in grades one to 12. Students move from primary to secondary school between grades six and eight, depending on the provincial arrangements. The schooling process from kindergarten to grade 12 is often referred to as ‘K-12’.
The school year begins in late August, and continues until late June. English-language and French-language schools are provided across the country.
While curricula is set by provincial governments, local School Boards have responsibility for things like administration, human resources, and student enrolment. The Boards are run by trustees elected by the public.
At the end of grade 12, students receive a high school diploma. Universities, colleges, and institutes offer post-secondary education to those who wish to continue their studies.
Teaching jobs in Canada
A bachelor’s degree in Education and a provincial certificate is required for teaching jobs in Canada. Obtaining certification can be a slow process, so it’s best to start before your arrival in Canada if possible.
Other factors are considered to assess eligibility for teaching jobs in Canada. For instance, the applicant may need:
- Recent teaching experience.
- Proficiency in English or French
- Familiarity with the culture and curriculum of the Canadian education system
- Fitness to teach, including character reference and successful criminal record checks.
Supervised student teaching may also be required. For secondary teaching jobs in Canada, it is recommended to complete a major in one teachable subject, and a minor in another teachable subject. These include languages, sciences, social studies, and business.
To learn about the requirements in each province and territory, visit these links:
Teaching English in Canada
Teaching English (TEFL) offers a great alternative to those who want teaching jobs in Canada and are struggling to find work. See our ESL / TEFL section for more information.
To help you with your job search, visit these resources:
- Guide to finding jobs in Canada
- 57 interview questions you may be asked
- Adapting to the resume format in Canada
For more details on relocating from abroad, visit our immigration to Canada overview.