M-44 is also known as Motion 44 — “Permanent Residency for Temporary Foreign Workers” — and is a motion regarding Canadian immigration that was introduced in Parliament on January 31, 2022 by Randeep Sarai of the Liberal party, Surrey Centre, B.C. It has since been amended and was agreed to on May 11, 2022. 

The full text of M-44 is as follows:

That, in the opinion of the House, the government should develop and publicly release within 120 days following the adoption of this motion a comprehensive plan to expand the economic immigration stream to allow workers of all skill levels to meet the full range of labour needs and pathways to permanent residency for temporary foreign workers, including international students, with significant Canadian work experience in sectors with persistent labour shortages, and such plan should incorporate the following elements:

(a) amending eligibility criteria under economic immigration programs to give more weight to significant in-Canada work experience and expand the eligible occupational categories and work experience at various skills levels;
(b) examining evidence and data gathered from recent programs such as Temporary Resident to Permanent Resident Pathway, Atlantic Immigration Program (AIP), Rural and Northern Immigration Program (RNIP), and Agri-Food Pilot, and Provincial Nominee Process (PNP);
(c) incorporating data on labour market and skills shortages to align policy on immigrant-selection with persistent labour gaps;
(d) assessing ways to increase geographic distribution of immigration and encourage immigrant retention in smaller communities, as well as increase Francophone immigration outside Quebec;
(e) identifying mechanisms for ensuring flexibility in immigration-selection tools to react quicker to changes in labour market needs and regional economic priorities; and
(f) specifically considering occupations and essential sectors that are underrepresented in current economic immigration programs, such as health services, caregivers, agriculture, manufacturing, service industry, trades, and transportation.

Based on the 120-day timeline, Immigration Minister Sean Fraser has until September 8th, 2022, to develop a new program which will provide a pathway to permanent residence for temporary foreign workers, including international students, with significant Canadian work experience. 

On April 14th, 2022, briefing note “Introduction of Public Policy Measures Related to the Temporary Pathway to Permanent Residence Pathway” was sent to Immigration Minister Sean Fraser for signature. The details of this briefing note are not publicly available. This is, however, a sign that work has already started on the program. 

While details are not yet available, the text of M-44 makes it clear that the new program will be looking to target those with Canadian work experience in health services, caregiving, agriculture, manufacturing, the service industry, trades, and transportation. 

At this time, it is unknown what Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada will use as their baseline for “significant Canadian work experience.” If we look at last year’s TR to PR pathway, it required certain applicants to have 1 year of work experience (at least 1,560 hours) in the past 3 years. Recent international graduates were only required to be employed at the time of their application. 

Like last year’s TR to PR pathway, French speakers will be targeted. The TR to PR pathway had separate quotas for applicants who spoke French vs those who spoke English. The English programs filled up well before the French programs, giving French speakers the advantage of having more time to complete their applications. 

At this time, no NOC codes have yet been specified. The previous TR to PR pathway targeted health services, caregiving, agriculture, manufacturing, the service industry, trades, and transportation as well. Under that program, the following NOC codes were targeted: 

TR2 to PR – NOC Codes Targeted

NOC CodeOccupation Title
3011Nursing co-ordinators and supervisors
3012Registered nurses and registered psychiatric nurses
3111Specialist physicians
3112General practitioners and family physicians
3124Allied primary health practitioners
3125Other professional occupations in health diagnosing and treating
3132Dietitians and nutritionists
3141Audiologists and speech-language pathologists
3143Occupational therapists
3144Other professional occupations in therapy and assessment
3211Medical laboratory technologists
3212Medical laboratory technicians and pathologists’ assistants
3214Respiratory therapists, clinical perfusionists and cardiopulmonary technologists
3215Medical radiation technologists
3216Medical sonographers
3217Cardiology technologists and electrophysiological diagnostic technologists, n.e.c.
3219Other medical technologists and technicians (except dental health)
3222Dental hygienists and dental therapists
3223Dental technologists, technicians and laboratory assistants
3232Practitioners of natural healing
3233Licensed practical nurses
3234Paramedical occupations
3236Massage therapists
3237Other technical occupations in therapy and assessment
3411Dental assistants
3413Nurse aides, orderlies and patient service associates
3414Other assisting occupations in support of health services
4152Social workers
4153Family, marriage and other related counsellors
4165Health policy researchers, consultants and program officers
4212Social and community service workers
4412Home support workers, housekeepers and related occupations
6621Service station attendants
6622Store shelf stockers, clerks and order fillers
6623Other sales related occupations
7201Contractors and supervisors, machining, metal forming, shaping and erecting trades and related occupations
7202Contractors and supervisors, electrical trades and telecommunications occupations
7203Contractors and supervisors, pipefitting trades
7204Contractors and supervisors, carpentry trades
7205Contractors and supervisors, other construction trades, installers, repairers and servicers
7231Machinists and machining and tooling inspectors
7232Tool and die makers
7233Sheet metal workers
7235Structural metal and platework fabricators and fitters
7237Welders and related machine operators
7241Electricians (except industrial and power system)
7242Industrial electricians
7243Power system electricians
7244Electrical power line and cable workers
7245Telecommunications line and cable workers
7246Telecommunications installation and repair workers
7247Cable television service and maintenance technicians
7252Steamfitters, pipefitters and sprinkler system installers
7253Gas fitters
7282Concrete finishers
7284Plasterers, drywall installers and finishers and lathers
7291Roofers and shinglers
7294Painters and decorators (except interior decorators)
7295Floor covering installers
7441Residential and commercial installers and servicers
7442Waterworks and gas maintenance workers
7444Pest controllers and fumigators
7445Other repairers and servicers
7451Longshore workers
7452Material handlers
7511Transport truck drivers
7512Bus drivers, subway operators and other transit operators
7513Taxi and limousine drivers and chauffeurs
7514Delivery and courier service drivers
7521Heavy equipment operators (except crane)
7522Public works maintenance equipment operators and related workers
7531Railway yard and track maintenance workers
7532Water transport deck and engine room crew
7533Boat and cable ferry operators and related occupations
7534Air transport ramp attendants
7535Other automotive mechanical installers and servicers
7611Construction trades helpers and labourers
7612Other trades helpers and labourers
7621Public works and maintenance labourers
7622Railway and motor transport labourers
8611Harvesting labourers
8612Landscaping and grounds maintenance labourers
8613Aquaculture and marine harvest labourers
8614Mine labourers
8615Oil and gas drilling, servicing and related labourers
8616Logging and forestry labourers
1511Mail, postal and related workers
1512Letter carriers
1513Couriers, messengers and door-to-door distributors
6421Retail salespersons
6731Light duty cleaners
6732Specialized cleaners
6733Janitors, caretakers and building superintendents
8431General farm workers
8432Nursery and greenhouse workers
8441Fishing vessel deckhands
8442Trappers and hunters
9461Process control and machine operators, food and beverage processing
9462Industrial butchers and meat cutters, poultry preparers and related workers
9463Fish and seafood plant workers
9465Testers and graders, food and beverage processing
821Managers in agriculture
822Managers in horticulture
4031French and French immersion secondary school teachers (language of instruction must be French)
4032French and French immersion elementary school and kindergarten teachers (language of instruction must be French)
4411Home child care providers
4413Elementary and secondary school teacher assistants
6331Retail butchers
6523Airline ticket and service agents
6524Ground and water transport ticket agents, cargo service representatives and related clerks
6541Security guards and related security service occupations
6551Customer services representatives - financial institutions
6552Other customer and information services representatives
8252Agricultural service contractors, farm supervisors and specialized livestock workers
8255Contractors and supervisors, landscaping, grounds maintenance and horticulture services
9617Labourers in food and beverage processing
9618Labourers in fish and seafood processing

Another concern at this stage is where will the quota for this program come from? Will applicants under this program takes spots away from economic programs that use the Express Entry system likes last year’s TR to PR program did? This year’s immigration target for programs that use the Express Entry system is already half of its normal levels. If this new program comes into effect later this year, it could reduce the number of Invitations to Apply issued through Express Entry

If you’re looking for professional guidance on navigating Canada’s many different pathways to permanent residence, Moving2Canada is happy to recommend the services of Deanne Acres-Lans, a regulated Canadian immigration consultant and founder of Canada Abroad. You can get started with Canada Abroad by completing a free eligibility assessment for Canadian immigration:

Deanne Acres-Lans is a regulated Canadian immigration consultant (R#508363) and founder of Canada Abroad, an Ottawa-based immigration consultancy. She was born and raised in British Columbia, Canada and previously lived in South Africa for 8 years. Deanne has over twelve years of immigration experience, both working for the Canadian Government and in her own private practice.